The students — Don Mpindi, 18; Drew Sikkema, 19; and Nathaniel VanEck, 18 — all face charges of placing an offensive substance with an intent to alarm, a 5-year felony.
The could be arraigned today in Grand Rapids District Court.
The Grand Rapids police bomb squad responded to the college Friday night after some of the devices — 2-liter bottles filled with an expanding substance that explodes when the plastic breaks — did not go off.
Police Lt. Paul Warwick said police released the pressure on the bottles using a remote device.
The students reportedly used a dry ice mixture in the containers.
He said the bottles could have been dangerous to any person walking nearby who might have been splattered by the contents or hit by plastic pieces.
Calvin College spokesman Matt Kucinski said the students threw the bottles out of a dormitory window in the kitchen area and into the courtyard.
He said it may have been a simple prank, with the students not realizing the danger